As we grow older, dark circles and wrinkles become more common sights on our faces. And it is very natural to have wrinkles or dark spots as they are a part of growing up.
Although dark spots and wrinkles are not harmful in any way, they will make you feel better if there is a downfall in their occurrence.
By understanding their causes and following preventive measures, one can achieve the desired skin.
Causes of dark circles
Staying up past your sleeping hours causes dark circles under the eyes. Lack of sleep can make your skin come off dull and pale. It may also result in a fluid building underneath your eyes, causing them to appear puffy.
The skin under your eyes becomes thinner as you grow older. There is a drop in fat and collagen production that sustains the skin’s elasticity. As a result, the dark blood vessels beneath the skin become more prominent, causing the area under the eyes to darken.
Continuously looking at the television, laptop or mobile screen causes a drain on your eyes. This strain can intensify the blood vessels around your eyes. As a result, the skin enclosing your eyes can darken.
When the body is not sufficiently hydrated, the skin beneath the eyes proceeds to look bleak and the eyes look sunken.
Sun exposure can affect your body to generate an excess of melanin, the pigment that gives color to the skin. Excessive exposure to the sun, especially for your eyes can result in pigmentation in the surrounding skin to darken.
Family history is another reason for creating dark circles under the eyes. It can be an inherited feature seen in early childhood.
Causes of wrinkles.
Wrinkles are more common as you age. The decreased production of natural oil eventually dries out the skin, making it look more creased and wrinkled.
Exposure to Ultraviolet radiations:
These radiations accelerate the natural process of aging. Exposure to UV light tears down the skin’s connective tissue – collagen and elastin fibers, which lie in the deeper layer of the skin (dermis). Devoid of supportive connective tissue, the skin loses its strength and flexibility and starts to sag and wrinkle early.
Smoking has a detrimental effect on collagen production and accelerates the normal process of aging, thus causing wrinkles.
Tips to reduce:
Apply brightening creams: Products formulated with hydroquinone, especially when integrated with retinoids, hyaluronic acid, or vitamin C, have been beneficial in lightening dark circles. Retinoids can influence both cellular and molecular properties of the skin, and make your skin look younger whereas hyaluronic acid is a key molecule in aging that generates brightness by increasing the water content in the skin. It is one of the top-selling beauty products.
Try using tea bags: A quick fix for reducing puffiness and under-eye darkness. The caffeine in tea helps in compressing the blood vessels beneath the skin around your eyes, so they aren’t as apparent.
Use sliced cucumbers: Cucumbers are high in sodium content. It draws out water from under the skin.
Avoid Smoking or Being Around Smoke: Smoking deteriorates the eyes. Smokers have a greater risk of dry eye, which will make you more likely to rub and scratch your eyes. Smoking also renders faster collagen loss, making the skin under your eyes even thinner, and those blood vessels more noticeable.
Get proper rest: Give a break to your eyes and yourself. Try to limit your screen time and practice eye exercises to relax them.
Protection from the sun:
Don’t skip sunscreen as sun exposure can damage your skin and lead to premature aging and wrinkles. Apply an SPF between 30 to 50.
Retinoids are the best anti-aging products for wrinkles around the eyes and face. They encourage skin rejuvenation and stimulate the creation of new blood vessels, which may help enhance the skin’s overall appearance and texture.
Eat vitamin-rich food:
Eat foods that are high in anti-inflammatory or antioxidant properties as they improve the skin’s elasticity and protect against skin damage and premature aging. Some vitamin-rich foods are green tea, olive oil, salmon, avocados, pomegranates, flax seeds, and vegetables.
Slather on Alpha-Hydroxy Acids (AHAs):
These natural acids remove the top layer of dead skin cells. That helps in reducing the appearance of pores, fine lines, and wrinkles, particularly around the eyes. AHAs facilitate collagen production in your skin. AHAs are top-selling products for wrinkles.
Wear Vitamin C:
Creams made with vitamin C heighten the amount of collagen production in your skin. Vitamin C safeguards against damage from UVA and UVB rays and helps diminish redness, dark spots, and uneven skin tone. Vitamin C creams are the best wrinkle creams for the eyes.